ETIQUETAS: acceso a las TIC, banda ancha, América Latina
This article studies the impact of connectivity to broadband and the use of Information and Communication Technologies for pedagogical purposes on the quality of education of students in the basic-education cycle in Subsidized Educational Institutions (SEIs) in Chile. To conduct this study the impact is estimated for two initiatives of the Ministry of Education (MINEDUC for its acronym in Spanish), Funds for Broadband (FBA for its acronym in Spanish) (2006-2010) and ICT in the Classroom (2007-2011), on the performance of students in national standardized tests for language and mathematics established by the Education Quality Measurement System (SIMCE for its acronym in Spanish), available since 1998. The unit of observation is the student and the isolated, joint and focused effect is analyzed of the programs mentioned upon cohorts that provide evaluations at two moments of time. The study sample excludes SEIs pertaining to the high socio-economic group and, in the case of ICT in the Classroom, only municipal schools are used. The results show that the programs do not have significant effects upon the performance, either isolated or jointly, but it was possible to identify the positive effects of ICT in the Classroom for specific groups in Language, but not for Mathematics.
This Working Paper will be published in El Trimestre Económico.
This Working Paper was published in Social Science Research Network, Muñoz, R., Ortega, C. (2014).